EFFECT OF FUEL INJECTION ON NOX EMISSIONS AND UNDESIRABLE COMBUSTION FOR HYDROGEN-FUELED PISTON ENGINES
Direct cylinder injection for hydrogen-fueled piston engines was studied experimentally with an ASTM-CFR (Cooperative Fuel Research) engine. An injection scheme was devised for which the combustion occurs during the period of hydrogen injection so that little unburned hydrogen accumulates in the cylinder. This scheme should preclude flashback and preignition, and lowers the rate of cylinder pressure rise to acceptable levels. The potential of hydrogen as a low pollution fuel was investigated by comparing the NOx emissions from the same engine operated on hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuel. NOx emissions for hydrogen are very low provided the equivalence ratio is less than 0.5, and provided the hydrogen and air are well mixed. For equivalence ratios greater than 0.5, NOx emissions for hydrogen fuel were higher than for hydrocarbon fuel. With hydrogen injection, indicated mean effective pressure was varied between 0.07 MPa and 0.78 MPa without intake air throttling. Indicated efficiencies higher than 40% were achieved for part-load equivalence ratios, near 0.3. The timing of hydrogen injection has a significant effect on NOx emissions.
- From the 13-16 November 1978 Meeting.
Warrendale, PA United States 15096
- Homan, H S
- deBoer, PCT
- McLean, W J
- Publication Date: 1978-11
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 20 p.
- Society of Automotive Engineers Preprint
- Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
- TRT Terms: Air pollution; Combustion; Exhaust gases; Fuel injection; Fuels; Hydrocarbons; Hydrogen; Hydrogen fuels; Internal combustion engines; Measurement; Nitric oxide; Nitrogen compounds; Nitrogen oxides; Pistons (Engines); Pollutants; Research; Vehicle power plants
- Old TRIS Terms: Automobile engines
- Subject Areas: Energy; Highways; Research; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00195285
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Engineering Index
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 780945
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 15 1979 12:00AM