MOTORWAY ACCIDENT ANALYSIS, TAKING ACCOUNT OF DRIVER AND VEHICLE FACTORS AND SURVEILLANCE

UNFALLANALYSE AUF AUTOBAHNEN UNTER BERUECKSICHTIGUNG VON LENKER UND FAHRZEUGFAKTOREN UND DER UEBERWACHUNG

The purpose of the study was to analyse and compare offences and accidents on motorways by collecting data and by means of a questionnaire put to a random selection of motorway users. The analysis showed that with respect to the types of accident observed "running off the road" came first, followed by collision accidents and "skidding and sliding". It was established further that 54% of all observed accidents took place under impaired road conditions, such as wetness, icy conditions in the winter and snow sludge. In considering the distribution of accidents over the whole motorway network, it was shown that there were road sections which had an increased accident potential (e.g. the entry and exit areas). It was established further, that apart for reasons of road construction and technical traffic considerations, the driver in an accident showed characteristic features. At certain points recently qualified drivers had most accidents (e.g. in the areas of lanes parting and merging). But older drivers were frequently also at fault in accidents with a larger number of personal injuries. It was established that 63% of all accidents involving personal injuries which were reported to the law concerned German drivers. The results show, that by planned analysis of accident data better understanding of the accident can be achieved and thus a reduction of that type of accident. /TRRL/

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Tetzlaff Verlag GmbH

    Havelstrosse 9, Postfach 4006
    D-6100 Darmstadt 1,   Germany 
  • Publication Date: 1977

Language

  • German

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00195208
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 11 1979 12:00AM