Self-evaluative Appraisals of Coping Capability and Posttraumatic Distress Following Motor Vehicle Accidents

This study tested the importance of coping self-efficacy (CSE) perceptions and change in perceptions of CSE for recovery from motor vehicle accident (MVA) trauma. Data was collected 7 days following the accident (Time 1; n = 163), 1 month after the accident (Time 2; n = 91), and 3 months after the accident (Time 3; n = 70). Early changes in CSE (from Time 1 to Time 2) predicted posttraumatic distress at 3 months after MVA trauma, even after controlling for Time 1 or Time 2 posttraumatic distress and other trauma-related variables (accident responsibility, litigation involvement, and peritraumatic dissociation). However, early changes in CSE perceptions neither moderated nor mediated effects of early posttraumatic distress (Time 1) on 3-month posttraumatic distress. Time 2 CSE levels, however, did mediate the relationship between acute posttraumatic distress (Time 1) and 3-month posttraumatic distress (Time 3). These findings highlight the importance of early interventions aimed at strengthening self-efficacy after MVA trauma.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Benight, Charles C
    • Cieslak, Roman
    • Molton, Ivan R
    • Johnson, Lesley E
  • Publication Date: 2008-8


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01110800
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 3 2008 1:48PM