Heavy lorries - do they pay for the damage they cause?
The report explores the different approaches which have been used for both cost and income to work out whether HGVs pay their way. It illustrates how the answers differ significantly according to what assumptions are made and it reviews what might be done in the future. While different studies in the UK and Europe have produced significantly different results, they all suggest tax revenues from HGVs fail to cover their UK costs except on motorways. Current cost estimates in the UK appear to be in the low to middle range in the study results for environmental factors and thus may underestimate HGV costs in the UK. Impacts from community severance, visual intrusion, damage to underground structures and vibration have yet to be costed, and disbenefits for other road users have still to be fully included. The paper summarises the statistics in financial terms taking fuel duty, (with and without VAT) and annual licences as income. Efficient use of road space is addressed and environmental issues are highlighted. Suggested ways forward include additional balancing charges, through pricing, possibly per kilometre; limiting the use of unsuitable roads for HGVs; and taking the other driver benefits into account.
- Publication Date: 2008-4
- Pagination: 17p
- TRT Terms: Economics; Freight transportation; Loss and damage; Road pricing; Taxes; Transportation; Trucks
- ITRD Terms: 1614: Damage; 263: Economics of transport; 1112: Freight transport; 1236: Lorry; 240: Road pricing; 268: Tax
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Environment; Transportation (General); I15: Environment;
- Accession Number: 01109561
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
- Files: ITRD
- Created Date: Aug 25 2008 8:40AM