The interaction between flexible metal culverts and the surrounding backfill is examined by means of finite element analyses that simulate the placement of backfilling and subsequent application of live loads. Although metal culverts are flexible in bending, they are stiff in ring compression, and the ring compression forces are therefore greater than those corresponding to the weight of backfill above the structure. The bending moments in metal culverts are dependent on the relative flexibility of the culvert and the backfill, which can be expressed in terms of a dimensionless flexibility number. Comparisons between finite element results and field measurements show the suitability of the method as a basis for design. A simplified rational design procedure is described that considers both bending and ring compression. /Author/

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Presented at the October 17-21, 1977, ASCE Annual Convention, San Francisco.
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society of Civil Engineers

    345 East 47th Street
    New York, NY  United States  10017-2398
  • Authors:
    • Duncan, J M
  • Publication Date: 1979-3

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00194186
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: ASCE 14429 Proceeding
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 30 1979 12:00AM