Associations Among Individual, Social, and Environmental Barriers and Children's Walking or Cycling to School

Examining the associations between children's walking or cycling to school and individual, social, and environmental barriers was the purpose of this exploratory cross-sectional study, set in all eight of Australia's capital cities. Parents (N = 720) of school-aged children aged 4-13 years participated in the study. Forty-nine percent of respondents were the parents of boys, and there was a 27% overall response rate. Based on a computer-assisted telephone interview, parental reporting of barriers to the children cycling or walking to school was measured using 95% confidence intervals (CI) and multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (OR). At least once a week, 41% of children got to school by walking or cycling. Positive associations with "concern child may be injured in a road accident" (95% CI = 1.1-3.1, OR = 1.9) and inverse associations with environmental ("no direct route" [95% CI = 0.2-0.7, OR = 0.4], "too far to walk" [95% CI = 0.0-0.1, OR = 0.1] ), social ("no adults to walk with" [95% CI = 0.4-0.9, OR = 0.1], "no other children to walk with" [95% CI = 0.4-0.99, OR = 0.7], "worry child will take risks" [95% CI = 0.3-0.9, OR =0.6]), and individual ("no time in the mornings" [95% CI = 0.3-0.8, OR = 0.5], "child prefers to be driven" [95% CI =0.3-0.6, OR = 0.4]) barriers were made with active commuting. The authors conclude that barriers improving pedestrian skills and environments through working with parents, schools, and local authorities may help to overcome barriers.

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  • Authors:
    • Salmon, Jo
    • Salmon, Louisa
    • Crawford, David A
    • Hume, Clare
    • Timperio, Anna
  • Publication Date: 2007


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01105231
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 25 2008 1:04PM