DRINKING AND DRIVING ACCIDENTS - DOES EDUCATION HELP?
According to surveys, before the 'drinking and driving' legislation was introduced in 1967 one in three drivers killed in accidents had a blood alcohol concentration of over 80 mg/100 ml; after the act the proportion was one in five, but the latest figures suggest nearly two in five - and nearly three out of four on a Saturday night. This paper discusses the present situation in the light of this knowledge, and refers to both the problem drinker and the social drinker by reference to the Berkshire survey which showed that alcohol was considered to be a contributory factor in 195 of the 2211 drivers at fault. The question of publicity and education is discussed by reference to the found1 M or so a year spent by the department of transport on posters, television commercials and press advertisements and a consideration of the question - are the detailed effects of alcohol on driving sufficiently known? With the knowledge that the young now have the worst record of all age groups in drinking and driving accidents, it is suggested that the subject of alcohol should be included in driving instruction and tests, and that posters illustrating specific points could be widely displayed in relevant places. It is suggested that for both planning and evaluating campaigns random roadside surveys - unconnected with law enforcement - are essential, and that in the long run education should have more impact than publicity.
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British Medical AssociationBMA House, Tavistock Square
London WC1H 9JR, United Kingdom
- Publication Date: 1978-11-11
- Pagination: p. 1352-3
- TRT Terms: Age; Blood alcohol levels; Crashes; Data collection; Driver training; Drivers; Drunk drivers; Drunk driving; Education; Fatalities; Intoxication; Law enforcement; Laws; Legislation; Publicity; Statistics; Surveys; Traffic crashes
- Geographic Terms: United Kingdom
- ITRD Terms: 1643: Accident; 1757: Age; 1553: Blood alcohol content; 1772: Driver; 2231: Drunkenness; 2284: Education; 1556: Legislation; 8573: Publicity; 6555: Statistics; 8119: United kingdom
- Subject Areas: Data and Information Technology; Highways; Law; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies; I83: Accidents and the Human Factor;
- Accession Number: 00193981
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
- Files: ITRD, TRIS
- Created Date: Jun 13 1979 12:00AM