Failure mechanism of recycled aggregate concrete

The use of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) acquires particular interest in civil construction regarding sustainable development. Recycled aggregates usually present greater porosity and absorption, and lower density and strength than natural aggregates. Microstructural studies on RAC indicate differences in the characteristics of the interfacial transition zones between the cement paste and the aggregates. At the same time most experiences verify that reduction in concrete stiffness is higher than in strength. The failure mechanisms in RAC can be affected by the above stated factors. In this paper, three Series of concretes with different compressive strength levels are presented. Each Series includes a reference concrete prepared with natural crushed stone and two RAC prepared with two coarse aggregates obtained by crushing a normal strength and a high strength concrete. Flexural tests on notched beams and uniaxial compression tests on standard cylinders were performed. In addition, the characteristics of the fracture surfaces were analysed in order to determine the amount of broken aggregates. RAC present lightly lower strengths (1–15%), lower modulus of elasticity (13–18%) and significant reductions in the energy of fracture (27–45%) and, consequently on the fracture zone size, when it is compared with a concrete prepared with natural coarse aggregates. (A) Reprinted with permission from Elsevier.

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  • Authors:
    • GIACCIO, G
    • ZERBINO, R
  • Publication Date: 2008-7


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01104682
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jul 17 2008 1:07PM