Field dependence as a perceptual style refers to the extent to which a person is capable of overcoming an embedding context in order to perceive relevant targets. This paper reports on two studies that examined the relationship between field dependence and on-the-road visual search behavior. In the first study, concerned with eye movements in curve negotiation, it was found that field-dependent subjects have a less effective visual search pattern. In the second study, young and aged drivers were compared on several information processing tasks and on their ability to maintain their eyes closed part of the time while driving. Of the various information processing tasks, only field dependence and visual search time correlated significantly with the mean time the drivers needed to maintain their eyes open while driving. Together the two studies indicate that field dependent subjects require more time to proces the available visual information and are less effective in their visual search pattern.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Human Factors Society

    Johns Hopkins University Press
    Baltimore, MD  United States  21218
  • Authors:
    • Shinar, D
    • McDowell, E D
    • Rackoff, N J
    • Rockwell, T H
  • Publication Date: 1978-10

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 553-559
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00193823
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 26 1979 12:00AM