The distribution of energy use in the transport sector in the United States of America is presented and analyzed in terms of the efficient use of energy in various applications. Comparisons are drawn with other modelling efforts. Statistical results of this study based on over-all traffic patterns suggest that in terms of energy, railroads are most efficient for freight traffic, whereas buses are most efficient for passenger traffic. Accordingly, from a strict energy efficiency point of view, the national transportation policy should encourage rechannelling freight traffic from truck and airplane to rail. Strictly speaking one should say that the freight traffic should be rechannelled to rail and water transport. According to the Department of Transportation water transport uses 462 Btu of energy per ton mile of traffic. As regards passenger traffic, public policy should encourage rechannelling passenger traffic from automobiles and airplanes to buses. This is especially important, since 88 percent of the energy in this sector is consumed by automobiles and trucks. However, for policy purposes, one must also consider the service characteristics of each mode, such as speed, door-to-door service and frequency of service of various modes of transportation.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Wiley (John) & Sons, Limited

    Baffins Lane
    Chichester, Sussex  England 
  • Authors:
    • Koshal, R K
    • Kool, K L
  • Publication Date: 1978-10

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00193758
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 26 1979 12:00AM