Issues related to the use of the excess capacity in paratransit resources provided by taxicab operators are discussed, and recommendations are made. The local nature of the daily surface transportation of people is stressed. The decisions regarding options available under federal and state public transportation programs that most directly affect efforts to more effectively use existing public transportation resources, including private operators, are local. The states should provide technical assistance to those local governmental entities that lack the staff and economic resources to support permanent public transportation research and planning. The states should also exercise leadership in harmonizing public transportation planning and optimizing state and local programs and funding mechanisms to supplement federal efforts. Before additional paratransit funding sources are approved, the states should identify and understand the use of the paratransit funds already available in their jurisdictions through federally funded categorical programs. They should seek to reallocate these existing monies to purchase paratransit services more effectively than in possible under present circumstances of fragmentation, duplication, and waste. Reforms at the federal level are ultimately necessary to achieve this. More must be done at the regional level to identify existing public and private paratransit services and resources. Advisory committees to metropolitan planning organizations are recommended composed of public transportation decision makers, users, and public and private providers. The need for local reregulation to implement innovations in meeting paratransit demand is addressed. The roles of independent owner drivers and lease drivers, shared-ride taxi services, and fuel-tax relief equal to that granted transit are discussed as reforms required to enable the private operator to gain control over operating costs and provide for easier entry into the taxi market for entrepreneurial drivers. Labor considerations under section 13c of the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964 need not have only negative connotations in the use of private operators for paratransit service. As taxicab operators move into shared-ride services and function as mass transportation companies, with or without Urban Mass Transportation Administration monies, their employees may qualify for secton 13c protection whether or not they are unionized. /Author/

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    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. This paper appeared in TRB Special Report 184, Urban Transport Service Innovations.
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Leyval, Eugene R
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  • Publication Date: 1979

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 109-116
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  • Accession Number: 00193709
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309028175
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 26 1981 12:00AM