The Influence of Water Removal Techniques on the Composition and Microstructure of Hardened Cement Pastes

The removal of water from hardened cement paste for analysis or to arrest ongoing hydration has been reported to affect the composition of hydrated phases and microstructure. The effect that arresting the hydration of hardened cement paste by replacing the pore water with acetone before drying, and by removing the water by freeze, vacuum, and oven drying has on the hardened cement paste has been investigated. Two pastes were studied, a cemented iron hydroxide floc where a high proportion of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) had been replaced by pulverised fuel ash, and a pure hydrated OPC. Results showed that none of the water removal techniques caused any major deterioration in the composition and microstructure of the hardened cement pastes studied, but the pores appeared better preserved after arresting hydration using acetone quenching. Freeze drying appeared to cause more cracking of the microstructure than the other water removal techniques.


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  • Accession Number: 01102985
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 17 2008 4:11PM