Work-trip paratransit will flourish if the time and money costs of competing modes increase, whether due to price increases or taxation policies. It will also prosper if its time, money, and flexibility costs decrease as a result of operational economies or subsidies. In the short run, it appears that the competing modes will suffer only modest price inflation and largely escape the effects of energy taxation. It also appears that paratransit will receive little subsidization; it has only a weak institutional base and public officials are currently reluctant to embark on new spending programs. It follows that the growth of work-trip paratransit in the near term depends on the development of suitable, low-cost provider arrangements and on price reductions deriving from decreased insurance costs and improved vehicle operating efficiency for van pools. If successful adoption of these techniques produces significant market penetration at present price levels, public officials may find additional ride-sharing initiatives, in the form of price incentives or subsidies, both cost-effective and politically feasible as means of conserving energy, reducing emissions, and alleviating congestion. /Author/

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    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. This paper appeared in TRB Special Report 184, Urban Transport Service Innovations.
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  • Authors:
    • Womack, James P
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  • Publication Date: 1979

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 25-31
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  • Accession Number: 00193695
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309028175
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 26 1981 12:00AM