Relationships between transport, mobility, sustainable livelihoods and social capital for poverty reduction - thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the University of Wolverhampton for the degree Doctor of Philosophy

This thesis addresses relationships between accessibility, sustainable livelihoods and social capital, and their role in alleviating poverty by reducing the vulnerability of isolated people. Isolation and inaccessibility to basic needs and services are a cause and symptom of rural poverty. Transport is nested within a complex mix of livelihood issues that affect mobility and access, including assets and coping strategies. Isolation can increase vulnerability to risk, through an absence of knowledge and communication among low income people, such that external shocks become difficult to manage and can perpetuate the poverty cycle. Social capital provides kinship and friendship resources for managing vulnerability and risk. Transport is a key agency by which social networks can be supported. Drawing on findings from participatory case studies in Zambia, Cameroon and Kenya, this thesis investigates how accessibility, sustainable livelihoods and social capital can be considered collectively by development practitioners to generate measurable improvements in access to basic needs and services. Social capital provides a catalyst for personal mobility and service delivery in the absence of conventionally measured economic benefits. Without the social capital argument, the reasons for maintaining rural transport infrastructure and services remain weak. This thesis attempts to break down the boundaries between sociologists, economists and engineers, whose pursuit of development goals has traditionally been in isolation from one another. It is suggested that the transport sector should move from a position of isolation and find clear interfaces with other sectors delivering on poverty reduction.

  • Authors:
    • DAVIS, A
  • Publication Date: 2005

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 331p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01102777
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: TRL
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jun 16 2008 8:33AM