TRANSPORTATION, LAND POLICY AND THE URBAN POOR IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

The paper addresses the necessity for development of a transportation and land policy that is responsive to the needs of the urban poor in developing coutries. Most transport studies tend to address the top 50% of the population in income terms and in many cases the top 25%, because planning is done for a level of affluence and affordability that is found mainly in developed countries and not in developing ones. Since the number of urban poor in developing countries is estimated at 250 million at present and to increase by 450 million more people in the next 25 years, it is essential that policy makers focus attention to the needs of such people. The high cost of land in the central areas of cities in developing countries prohibits poor people from living near their places of work. Since public transport is not available to most of these people, they must walk as long as two hours each way to work. Thus, any land development policy should stress the location of housing close to jobs and services, expecially for the poor. In an effort to substantiate the arguments made in this paper, the authors have included a case study of metropolitan Manila.

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  • Accession Number: 00193391
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: May 26 1981 12:00AM