Analysis of the Stability of I-Walls with Gaps between the I-Wall and the Levee Fill

Following Hurricane Katrina an extensive investigation of the performance of floodwalls in the New Orleans area was undertaken by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers and others. This investigation included detailed study of failures of cantilevered sheet pile "I-walls" during the hurricane. An important lesson from this investigation was that gaps can form on the canal side of I-walls as the water rises in the canal and causes the I-wall to deflect. Once formed, these gaps filled with water, resulting in significantly higher loads on the walls. Gap formation was a key factor in several I-wall failures, and modeling such gaps correctly is clearly an important aspect of analyzing I-wall stability. This paper describes simple procedures for estimating the depths of gaps behind I-walls, for calculating the loads to which they are subjected, and for including them in stability analyses. The effects of gaps on the stability of the 17th Canal and the London Avenue Canal I-walls are discussed.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Brandon, Thomas L
    • Wright, Stephen G
    • Duncan, J Michael
  • Publication Date: 2008-5


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01100411
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 31 2008 8:09PM