Land use patterns and journey to work characteristics are compared for the Sydney and Toronto metropolitan areas using information collected in 1971. Both regions had populations of 2,780,000 as well as very similar socio-economic characteristics. Sydney is served by a comprehensive radially-focussed commuter rail network while Toronto is served by an underground rapid transit system in the central area and a comprehensive freeway network in the outer suburbs. Gross residential densities in Sydney are about one-half those in Toronto while employment densities tend to be higher in Sydney. Employment distributions in Toronto are influenced strongly by the freeway network while commercial employment locations in Sydney are influenced by the rail network. While the majority of travel in Sydney is by private automobile the dominant orientation of home-work travel is along radial corridors focussed on the CBD. In Toronto the spatial orientation is along the subway system in the inner areas while the freeway system is the dominant influence in the outer suburbs. Daily home-based work travel in Toronto exceeds that of Sydney by 5,000,000 km. The use of public transport for the journey to work is marginally higher in Sydney.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 28-37
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00190263
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 26 1981 12:00AM