Effect of Near-Fault Vertical Ground Motions on Seismic Response of Highway Overcrossings

Results of comprehensive nonlinear response history analyses on a range of configurations representing typical highway overcrossings subjected to combined effects of vertical and horizontal components of near-fault ground motions are reported. Current seismic design guidelines in California neglect the vertical components of ground motions for peak ground accelerations less than 0.6 g and provide rather simplistic measures to account for vertical effects when they need to be incorporated in the design. Results from the numerical simulations show that the vertical components of ground motions cause significant amplification in the axial force demand in the columns and moment demands in the girder at both the midspan and at the face of the bent cap. Axial capacity of the columns and moment capacity of the girder at the face of the bent cap were generally found to be sufficient to resist the amplification in the respective demands due to vertical effects. However, midspan moments in negative bending due to vertical motions are found to exceed the capacity of the girder. The amplified midspan moments lead to yielding of the top reinforcement resulting in average peak strains on the order of 1%. It is concluded that seismic demand analysis of ordinary highway bridges in general and overcrossings in particular should incorporate provisions for considering the adverse vertical effects of near-fault ground motions.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Kunnath, Sashi K
    • Erduran, Emrah
    • Chai, Y H
    • Yashinsky, Mark
  • Publication Date: 2008


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01099719
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 8 2008 12:36PM