Data from multidisciplinary accident investigations in computer storage at HSRI were reviewed. Frontal crashes (11-1 o'clock impact direction) were studied comparing the injury severities of drivers and front right passengers with the injuries of rear-seat occupants. Occupant age, impact speed of vehicle, occupant seating position and use of restraint systems are some of the parameters that were studied. The potential of the rear-seat occupants to cause injury to front-seat occupants was also considered. Data analysis reveals that rear-seat occupants are less likely to experience severe-to-critical injury and fatality than front-seat outboard occupants, and that rear-seat passengers are most likely to escape a crash without injury. Children in the rear seat are less likely to be injured than rear-seat adults. Rear-seat car occupants are less likely to be injured at all impact speeds. The most important factor found was the use of safety belts. Belt usage by front-seat occupants was almost sufficient to eliminate the advantage of being rear-seat occupant. /Author/SRIS/

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 141-150
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 2

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00190142
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 26 1979 12:00AM