Highway Traffic Volume Variations with Cold and Snow Interactions

The present study investigates the traffic volume variations due to the interaction of severe weather conditions. The study is based on hourly traffic data from 350 permanent traffic counter sites located on provincial highway system of Alberta, Canada, and weather data obtained from Environment Canada weather stations located within 15 miles of the selected permanent traffic counter sites, during the period 1995-2005. The study results indicate that the impact of cold and snow on traffic volume varies with day of week, hour of day and adversity of weather conditions. Traffic volume on a given day decreases with the increase in severity of cold and snow. A reduction of 1% to 2% in traffic volume for each centimeter snowfall is observed when the mean temperatures are above 0 degrees C. For the days with zero precipitation, reductions in traffic volume due to mild and severe cold are 1% and 31% respectively. An additional reduction of 0% to 3% per one centimeter of snowfall results when snowfall occurs during severe cold conditions.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Pagination: 21 p.
  • Monograph Title: 2007 Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Transportation Association of Canada: Transportation - An Economic Enabler

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01098811
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transportation Association of Canada (TAC)
  • Files: TAC
  • Created Date: May 6 2008 7:25AM