THE SPECIFIC DETERRENT EFFECT OF ASAP EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION PROGRAMS

Education and rehabilitation programs for drinking drivers are generally thought to have a specific deterrent effect for drivers exposed to them. In this paper, evaluation studies of ASAP programs in 35 locations were reviewed to see if reductions in drunk driving arrests in fact occurred. Programs were reviewed by type of drinker (all, social, problem) and type of program (any rehabilitation, school, or nonschool). Three types of evaluation studies supplied the data: (1) project-level, (2) aggregate re-arrest data, and (3) a controlled short-term rehabilitation study of 11 projects. The results indicated a small positive effect for social drinkers but none for problem drinkers. Schools of all types appeared to have an effect in deterring social drinkers. Some small, group-participation schools may have a slight positive effect on problem drinkers, but lecture classes have no effect or negative effect. Group therapy programs also had little effect on problem drinkers. All areas should have more development and continuing evaluation. /Author/

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  • Corporate Authors:

    National Safety Council

    444 North Michigan Avenue
    Chicago, IL  USA  60611
  • Authors:
    • Nichols, J L
    • WEINSTEIN, E B
    • Ellingstad, V S
    • Struckman-Johnson, D L
  • Publication Date: 1978

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00190118
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 26 1979 12:00AM