Failure to achieve safety belt usage by the motorists in the United States has made passive restraint systems desirable alternatives. Airbags are highly effective but costly, particularly in maintenance, and their reliability is not established. Purely passive static restraint systems appear possible because of the emergency of new technology and new developments of old occupant protection systems. The knees and buttocks can be used as energy input targets by the use of knee bars and advanced design seat cushions; 65% of the body weight can be restrained using these structures. Windshield glass, dashboards, and the steering wheel can be expected to restrain the upper body. Side impact protection can be improved by the use of fixed laminated side glazing and door structures with improved penetration resistance and interior padding. To optimize these proposals more knowledge of human injury tolerances, kinematics, and injury mechanisms is needed, particularly of the spine and lower extremities. /Author/

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Adapted from a paper presented at the Fifth International Congress on Automobile Safety, 12 July 1977.
  • Corporate Authors:

    National Safety Council

    444 North Michigan Avenue
    Chicago, IL  United States  60611
  • Authors:
    • STATES, J D
  • Publication Date: 1978

Media Info

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00189993
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-024 338
  • Contract Numbers: 057701, DOT-HS-052-1-068
  • Files: HSL, TRIS
  • Created Date: May 11 1983 12:00AM