Comparison of the Fixation of Heavy Metals in Raw Material, Clinker and Mortar Using a BCR Sequential Extraction Procedure and NEN7341 Test

The release potential and leaching behavior of 5 heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, and Pb) in raw material, clinker, and mortar were studied by the 3-step sequential extraction procedure proposed by the commission of the European Communities Bureau of Reference and NEN7341 leaching test. Results of 2 experimental methods were compared to show the fixation difference of heavy metals among 3 kinds of samples. Results of NEN7341 leaching test show that the maximum leached concentration of cement products is low and the leached fraction of 5 heavy metals represents less than 15% of the total heavy metal content of the cement product. To refer to the bulk content as a criterion of environmental impact is not appropriate. Results of sequential extraction procedures show that bonding forms of heavy metals change a lot in the 3 samples. The contamination factor and the leached fraction of each element in the 3 samples indicate that all the elements are better fixed in cement products than in raw material due to calcination and hydration. To most elements, the relative metal retention is higher in mortar than in clinker. Compared within the 5 analyzed elements, Cd is better retained and Cu is worse retained in the same kind of sample.


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  • Accession Number: 01099367
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 5 2008 12:20PM