Performance evaluation of FRP bridge deck under shear loads
Shear behavior of glass fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite coupons, components, and systems is studied under torsional shear, in-plane shear, racking shear, out-of-plane shear, punching shear, and shear of web-flange junction. In addition, local deflection including web buckling of different FRP deck types has been evaluated and reported. FRP composites have been tested under a wide range of shear load conditions and their data has been compared with theoretical evaluations. Experimental data revealed that the shear modulus of FRP bridge decks ranged from 0.25 to 0.5 msi, shear stress ranged from 3 to 12 ksi, while the shear strain to failure was about 10,000 microstrain. Experimental shear modulus under torsion and in-plane shear correlated well (<10%) with the results from the Simplified Classical Lamination Theory (SCLT) and finite element method. In addition, in-plane shear strain based on SCLT, is found to be in good agreement with the experimental results for specific locations of a test specimen. It is found that plate action on torsional rigidity at system level after neglecting joint inefficiency (100% load transfer across joints) is found to be about 20.0% higher than in terms of a beam model. Moreover, plate action under torsion of refined model with joint efficiency (80% load transfer) is found to be 6%, different from the case where 100% load transfer across a joint is assumed. In-plane shear behavior with joint efficiency are studied under V-notched, cantilever beam (shear parallel to cell direction) and racking shear test (shear perpendicular to cell direction). Experimental results under in-plane shear loading are compared with results from the classical finite element method. Out-of-plane shear strength and stiffness of an FRP composite deck are experimentally evaluated utilizing data from under short beam shear testing, and beam bending testing. Using experimental and numerical results, reduction in bending rigidity due to shear deformation under several loading conditions are calculated. In addition, size limits (depth to length ratio) due to shear deformation under transverse loading are established as: L/d > 22 (for multi-cell specimen with and without joints). A theoretical model based on specific types of FRP deck specimens for predicting punching shear capacity is proposed and validated through our experimental data. In addition, failure modes of test specimens are reported. To study the web-flange junction behavior, both open and closed FRP sections are tested under shear-bending effect. It is clear that the web-flange junction shear strength is only one half of the shear strength obtained from flange specimens under V-notched beam tests. The failure modes of both open and closed sections are similar. Cracks and layer delamination around web-flange junctions are found and extended along the thickness of the web portion with increasing applied loads leading to web shear-off failure. Local deflection is generally computed under a patch load of AASHTO HS25 truck tire print. Bending tests of components are conducted to find local deflection of test specimens. Local deflection limit state is proposed to be one percent of span length (distance between two contiguous web). It is found that the local deflection of the top flange is under partial fixity due to contiguous webs. Under simply support condition accounting for 10% deflection due to shear deformation, the average percent fixity of ProDeck4 is about 20%. Web-buckling strength is experimentally evaluated at coupon and component levels. By based on local buckling strain and finite element results, the size limits (dw/tw and bf/tf) of multi-cell ProDeck4 cross sections are established as: dw/tw< 8.5 and bf/tf < 12 assumed failure torque of 360000 lbs-in.
- Thesis (Ph. D.)--West Virginia University, 2005. Performance evaluation of fiber reinforced polymer bridge deck under shear loads Microfiche. Ann Arbor, Mich. : ProQuest Information and Learning Company, 2007. 5 microfiches.
- Prachasaree, Woraphot
- Publication Date: 2005
- Features: Bibliography; Illustrations;
- Pagination: xxviii, 382 p.
- TRT Terms: Bridges; Fiber reinforced plastics; Floors; Shear stress; Testing
- Subject Areas: Bridges and other structures;
- Accession Number: 01094663
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Northwestern University, Evanston
- Report/Paper Numbers: 31-01739 UMI
- Files: TLIB
- Created Date: Apr 24 2008 8:46PM