Effects of heavy-duty diesel vehicle idling emissions on ambient air quality at a truck travel center and air quality benefits associated with advanced truck stop electrification technology
United States Department of Transportation (DOT) requires truck drivers to rest for 10 hours after every 14 hours of driving. During this time and while waiting for loading and unloading of their trucks, truck drivers idle their engine to provide heat or air conditioning for the cab and sleeping compartment, keep the engine warm during cold climate, and provide electrical power for their onboard appliances. At large truck stops, 200 or more trucks can be idling at the same time. At these truck stops idling emissions can significantly contribute to the concentrations of NOx and PM[subscript two point five] pollutants in the ambient air in the vicinity of the truck stop. In this study monitoring of ambient air at the Petro truck travel center located at I40/I75 and Watt Road interchange was performed between mid December 2003 and August 2004. Concentrations of PM[subscript two point five] and NOx were measured continuously at two locations. Computer modeling was also performed using EPA's ISCST3 model to predict ambient concentrations of PM[subscript two point five] and NOx at the truck stop. Ambient concentrations of NOx and PM[subscript two point five] were found to be higher at nighttime and early morning hours compared to daytime. The number of trucks idling at the truck travel center was also found to have similar trend as that of ambient concentrations of considered pollutants. Average ambient concentrations of 276 ppb 213 ppb of NOx and 35 [subscript micrograms per cubic meter] and 29 [subscript micrograms per cubic meter] of PM[subscript two point five] were monitored at the two selected locations over the course of this research. The monitored concentrations of PM[subscript two point five] and NOx were then compared to the predicted values in an effort to verify and calibrate the model. The ISCST3 model was used to predict annual average and maximum 24-hour average NOx and PM[subscript two point five] and concentrations in the Watt Road area and three hot-spots corresponding to the three truck travel centers at the area were observed. If sufficient number of IdleAire electrification units were provided to accomodate all trucks (that would otherwise idle), the ambient concentrations (not considering background concentrations) would be lower by 70% and 48% at the two monitoring locations as predicted by ISCST3 model.
- Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 2005. Includes vita. Microfiche. Ann Arbor, Mich. : ProQuest Information and Learning Company, 2005. 5 microfiches.
- Indale, Guenet Tilahun
- Publication Date: 2005
- Features: Bibliography; Illustrations; Maps;
- Pagination: xii, 467 p.
- TRT Terms: Diesel engines; Diesel trucks; Environmental impacts; Exhaust gases; Truck stops; Trucks
- Subject Areas: Environment; Motor Carriers; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 01094441
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Northwestern University, Evanston
- Report/Paper Numbers: 31-77255 UMI
- Files: TLIB
- Created Date: Apr 24 2008 8:08PM