Equivalent Effective Stress and Compressibility of Unsaturated Kaolinite Clay Subjected to Drying

Three-dimensional compressibility tests performed on unsaturated kaolinite clay subjected to drying showed that the volume change is a function of the equivalent effective stress (EES). The EES in the clay at different water contents was measured by performing direct tensile tests. When the clay has high water content (saturated funicular state), its volume decreases notably as the water content is reduced, i.e., the equivalent effective stress is increased. If the clay has a water content in an intermediate interval (complete pendular state), the volume is almost constant because the equivalent effective stress is almost constant. For the interval of low water contents (partial pendular state), the volume of the clay increases as the water content is reduced. This occurs because the equivalent effective stress is reduced when the moisture content in the clay is reduced, and contrasts with the saturated funicular state. The minimum volume in the clay was reached when the maximum equivalent effective stress was developed. A conceptual framework explains the influence of the different states of water distribution to the EES.


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  • Accession Number: 01091523
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 13 2008 3:06PM