Special transportation is provided in Sweden for those who have difficulty in using the regular public transportation systems. The vehicles used for the special transportation are generally small buses and all are equipped with a ramp or a small elevator to more the passengers into or out of the vehicles. Inside of the vehicle, seats have been removed and special fastening equipment for wheelchairs has been installed. Travel service vehicle transportation can be divided into three main parts: 1) moving to or from the vehicle; 2) moving into or out of the vehicle; and 3) traveling in the vehicle. The University of Goteborg conducted studies on the safety aspect of loading and securing wheelchairs in this type of transportation service. This report covers the wheelchair-securing portion of the study. A related study: Volume Two: Movement In and Out of Special Transportation Service Vehicles (PB 289-132T), deals with safety factors during the movement into and out of the vehicles. In the conducted studies described in this report, dummy-occupied wheelchairs were dynamically tested on a sled simulator while secured by various methods. Six different types of chairs were tested. Crash simulations were made at acceleration levels of 5g, 10g, 15g, and 20g, and all occurring under at least 100ms from onset. The report concludes that satisfactory securement can be provided for forward and rearward-facing wheelchair users on the special transportation vehicles. However, sideway facing is not advisable because of the low tolerance of the human body to side stresses. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Translations sponsored by the California Department of Transportation and the Urban Mass Transportation Administration.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

    Department of Traffic Safety
    S-402 20 Goeteborg 5,   Sweden 

    Gothenburg University, Sweden

    Kulturgeografiska Institutionen, Fack
    Gothenburg,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • ALDMAN, B
    • Brattgaard, S O
    • Hansson, S
  • Publication Date: 1974-10

Media Info

  • Pagination: 122 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00195889
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-CA-06-0098-78-2
  • Contract Numbers: CA-06-0098
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Sep 15 1981 12:00AM