Because of Congressional interest evidenced in 1974 legislation, special emphasis is placed on the evaluation of fare-free transit services. This paper presents an overview of a research program designed to improve understanding of the costs and consequences of various transit fare and service level policies, and focuses particularly on objectives and methods. The principal questions for research concern the existence and magnitude of various possible outcomes from short-range improvements. Broadly categorized, these outcomes relate to: 1) the demand for transit service; 2) the quality of service experienced by the user; 3) operating costs; 4) the transit industry; 5) broader urban transportation; 6) the incidence of impacts; and 7) other longer-term considerations. Forty-seven different types of potential consequence are discussed, and priorities are suggested for their investigation. The paper explores the appropriateness of four different general research activities to appraising the most important of the potential outcomes. These four activities are the analysis of existing transit operating experience, with and without the collection of new data, and the mounting of social experiments, either in a "real world" operating environment, or in a simulated setting. In each of the general categories, certain specific research studies are suggested, and their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. The paper concludes by placing partially subjective priorities for Federal support on the thirteen different research studies proposed. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Sponsored by the Urban Mass Transportation Administration.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Urban Institute

    2100 M Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20037
  • Authors:
    • Kemp, M A
  • Publication Date: 1978-5

Media Info

  • Pagination: 140 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00195567
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-DC-52-0002-78-1
  • Contract Numbers: DC-52-0002
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jul 31 1981 12:00AM