This paper describes the use of the TOPAZ (Technique for the Optimum Placement of Activities into Zones) urban planning model in a study of Melbourne to compare energy consumption patterns at 1976 and 2000 under various scenarios. Topaz is a sketch planning model developed to evaluate alternative forms of urban systems in terms of infrastructure and transportation costs and benefits. A number of policy implications arise, including the need to give more attention to the possible implications of future shortages and price rises in natural crude oil. Most of the more immediately effective savings in fuel are likely to arise from modifications to existing transportation technology and its more effective use. However, urban form, density and accessibility could have an important role to play in the long term, even if the extent of this role is unclear at this stage. The fostering of changes in land-use patterns must be commenced now if they are to make an effective contribution. The modelling approach presented provides a means of studying the interactions between land use and transport and determining urban forms and transport networks of energy consumption that it can afford. The paper was presented at the Energy Conservation in the Built Environment Conference, Sydney, 15-16 March 1978. Environment Conference, Sydney, 15-16 March 1978. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Org

    314 Albert Street
    East Melbourne, Victoria,   Australia 
  • Authors:
    • Sharpe, R
    • Brotchie, J F
    • Toakley, A R
  • Publication Date: 1978

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 31 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00194036
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 11 1981 12:00AM