THE ANIMAL ACCIDENT PROJECT. PART 2. SITUATION REPORT SEPTEMBER 1978

VILTOLYCKSPROJEKTET 2. LAEGESRAPPORT SEPT 1978

An analysis of accidents involving moose and deer shows that 70% of all accidents occur in the summer, with peaks in June, and end of September and end of January. Almost 40% occur at dawn. On newly constructed roads, the number of accidents during the first year is about 2.5 times the normal; even after three years, the number of accidents is twice that normally expected. 50% of accidents occur where distance between road and forest is 5 M, and over 90% where distance is up to 20 M. On roads in open country less than 20% of accidents occur. Peaks involving moose are influenced by behaviour of the calves. Measures to counteract such accidents are (1) game fences; deer usually crawl underneath while moose jump over. Where fence consists of a mesh with single strands above, animals are often injured, and fences should therefore consist of mesh over full height. (2) game mirrors; these are used extensively, and an investigation of their efficacy is in progress. (3) clearance along roads; it appears that this is effective in reducing accidents. New measures are the use of visual or smell signals, and speed restrictions. Driver attitude is also significant. Further studies are planned. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Swedish National Road Administration

    Fack S-10220
    Stockholm 12,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • Almkvist, B
    • Andre, T
    • Ekblom, S
    • AABERG, L
    • Rempler, S-A
  • Publication Date: 1978-9

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: 16 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00193924
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Interarapport Nr 33 Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 13 1979 12:00AM