IMPACT OF THE TRANSIT STRIKE IN KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE

The six-week strike from February 14, 1977 to March 28, 1977 of the Knoxville Transit Corporation (KTC) stranded 7,000 to 8,000 daily riders of regular bus routes and 600 daily riders of the express bus service. It provided an interesting and practical opportunity to assess the impact of a temporary interruption of public transportation service in a city of approximately 200,000 population. Small sample surveys were performed both during and after the strike; the surveys focused on specific target groups that were expected to be most severely affected by the strike. The study revealed that many discretionary trips of elderly and economically disadvantaged transit users were suppressed during the strike. However, few cases of severe hardships were reported and it was found that most individuals were able to satisfy their essential travel needs with the help of relatives, friends and social service agencies. Many of the downtown merchants who cater to transit dependents lost substantial business and some were forced to temporarily lay off sales personnel. The transit system itself felt the adverse and continuing impact from the strike. The decline in ridership on the regular routes was estimated to be in the range of 7.2 to 16 percent and in the case of the express buses, the ridership dropped by approximately 15 percent. The adverse impact of the strike on the downtown parking situation was noticeable. However, the general traffic situation was not affected appreciably. On an overall basis, it appears that all parties involved with public transportation--the city, labor union, transit users and downtown merchants--would have been better off by averting the strike. /Author/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Southeastern Transportation Center

    University of Tennessee
    309 Conference Center Building
    Knoxville, TN  United States  37996-4133
  • Authors:
    • Wegmann, F J
    • Chatterjee, A
    • Parnell, S
    • Welch, G L
  • Publication Date: 1978-12

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 34 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00193533
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Southeastern Transportation Center
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TC 017-78
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 26 1981 12:00AM