STATUS OF REPRESENTATIVE TWO-DIMENSIONAL MODELS OF THE STRATOSPHERE AND TROPOSPHERE AS OF MID-1978

This paper reviews ongoing efforts aimed at solution of basic problems dealing with ozone chemistry and atmospheric mass transports in representative two-dimensional (altitude and latitude) photochemical models of the troposphere and stratosphere. Emphasis is placed on the impact of recent measurements of the reaction rate coefficients for HO2 + NO yields OH + NO2 and HO2 + 03 yields OH + 2 02 on: (a) the balance between ozone production and destruction on both ozone concentrations and columns at middle northern latitudes during summer for an oxygen-hydrogen-nitrogen atmosphere; (b) calculation of NO sub x concentrations in the upper troposphere which are important for the effects of high-altitude subsonic flight on the ozone column; and (c) estimates of the tropospheric NO sub x and OH concentrations as well as the removal rates of water-soluble species in the lower troposphere from considerations of the tropospheric ozone and carbon monoxide budgets. The severe limitations of arbitrary extensions of available 2-D parameterizations of the dynamics to an upper troposphere and lower stratosphere assumed to be perturbed by large emissions of engine effluents are brought out from numerical solutions of the primitive equations for instantaneous and continuous sources of inert material in the lower stratosphere. The paper includes preliminary 2-D results based on the revised ozone chemistry for the trend of subsonic and supersonic flight effects ozone.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Institute for Defense Analyses

    400 Army Navy Drive
    Arlington, VA  USA  22202
  • Authors:
    • Hidalgo, H
  • Publication Date: 1978-10

Media Info

  • Pagination: 164 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00191707
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: P-1341, FAA-AEE-78-23
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-FA-77WA-3965
  • Files: NTIS
  • Created Date: Jun 30 2002 12:00AM