IMPACT TESTING OF RESTRAINT DEVICES USED WITH HANDICAPPED CHILDREN IN BUS SEATS AND WHEELCHAIRS
A series of 16 sled impact tests were conducted at the Highway Safety Research Institute sled facility in order to evaluate the effectiveness of restraint devices and systems currently being used for the transport of school bus and wheelchair-seated handicapped children in the state of Wisconsin. A sled impact pulse of 20 m.p.h. and 16 G's was used for all tests. Eight tests involved wheelchairs in forward-facing and side-facing orientations for head-on and 33 degree oblique impacts. Another eight tests involved forward-facing bus seats for head-on and 33-degree oblique impacts. The results generally point out the ineffectiveness of many currently used devices and systems for protecting the child in the event of a bus collision. In six of the eight bus seat tests the dummy's head struck the back of the bus seat in front. The practice of placing wheelchairs in a side-facing orientation is shown to be a poor one for the protection of the child.
Highway Safety Research InstituteHuron Parkway and Baxter Road
Ann Arbor, MI USA 48109
Wisconsin State Department of Public InstructionMadison, WI USA
- Schneider, L W
- Melvin, J W
- Publication Date: 1978-11-8
- Pagination: 83 p.
- TRT Terms: Adolescents; Buses; Children; Collisions; Constraints; Crash injury research; Dummies; Evaluation; Head; Impact tests; Measures of effectiveness; Physically handicapped persons; Protection; Research; Rocket sleds; Safety engineering; Safety equipment; Safety factors; Seats; Wheelchairs
- Uncontrolled Terms: Effectiveness
- Geographic Terms: Wisconsin
- Old TRIS Terms: Minors; Rocket propelled sleds
- Subject Areas: Highways; Public Transportation; Research; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies; Society; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00191611
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UM-HSRI-78-52 Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: May 26 1981 12:00AM