EVALUATION OF 2-D ANTHROPOMORPHIC TEMPLATE ('OSCAR') AND 3-D ANTHROPOMORPHIC DEVICE (H-POINT MACHINE) IN RELATION TO HEIGHTS AND BODY PROPORTIONS OF AMERICAN DRIVERS
The 3-D anthropometric dummy (H-point machine) and 2-D template (Oscar) used in design and development of vehicle seating compartments are based on body measurements of U.S. males averaging 68.5 inches tall. They adjust for a height range of about 65 inches to 73 inches (10th-95th percentiles). Recent physical measurements of American women, teenagers, ethnic minorities and other subpopulations of U.S. drivers indicated that 70% of American women are shorter than 65 inches, as are most drivers under 18, and most drivers of Latin American, Amerindian, Asiatic and other ancestries. It is likely that at least 50%, and possibly 60% of American drivers are shorter than 65 inches and therefore not accommodated by these devices. Body segments of these subgroups are even less likely to be accommodated. Except for some Europeans, most non-U.S. drivers are from short populations, and would not be accommodated.
Anthro-ServiceHyattsville, MD United States
Washington, DC United States 20590
- St Hoyme, L E
- Gindhart, P S
- Publication Date: 1976-4-15
- Pagination: 77 p.
- TRT Terms: Anthropometry; Drivers; Dummies; Ethnic groups; Evaluation; Height; Males; Measurement; Proportion; Recommendations; Simulation; Tables (Data); Trend (Statistics)
- Geographic Terms: United States
- Subject Areas: Highways; Research; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00191060
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-HS-803-773 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: NHTSA-6-5262
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Apr 25 1979 12:00AM