The concept of "order by fluctuation," that has appeared recently in physico-chemical and biological systems, is applied to the description of urban growth. It is shown that fluctuations play a vital role in the evolutionary process of urban growth. The evolution of a complex system cannot be known simply by studying deterministic equations describing the system. It is necessary, in addition, to study the effects of fluctuations, or historical accident, which can drive the system to new modes of behavior. Taking account of both the deterministic elements of urban growth and the appearance of innovations at chance locations in an economic region, a transportation-sensitive dynamic model of the evolution of the organization of urban centers was developed.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • See also Volume 2, PB-288958.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Brussels University, Belgium

    Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50
    1050 Brussels,   Belgium 

    Transportation Systems Center

    55 Broadway, Kendall Square
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02142
  • Authors:
    • ALLEN, P M
    • Deneubourg, J L
    • Sanglier, M
    • BOON, F
    • DePalma, A
  • Publication Date: 1978-10

Media Info

  • Pagination: 85 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00190522
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-TSC-RSPA7820VOl1Final Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-TSC-1185
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 14 1981 12:00AM