Reforms in financing road maintenance in Tanzania: achievements, challenges and strategies

Roads are important for the economic growth of Tanzania, with road transport handling 70% of the internal freight traffic and 90% of passenger traffic in 2005. Tanzania has a total road network of 85,000 km, of which 5% is paved. Funding for road maintenance decreased between 1970 and 1990. Reforms were introduced with the enactment of the Roads Tolls (Amendment) No 2 Act of 1998, leading to the establishment of the Roads Fund, the Roads Fund Board and the Executive Agencies Act. Sources of revenue included a fuel levy, transit fees and overloading fees. The allocation of road funds is 30% for roads under the control of local authorities and 70% to the main roads under the control of Ministry of Infrastructure Development (MOID). Improvements in road condition have been made since the establishment of the Road Fund Board. The management of the fund and stakeholder involvement are discussed. Challenges are considered with respect to legislation, the inadequacy of funds to maintain the road network, road inventory and condition surveys, maintenance backlogs, tax evasion, funding allocation, and the capacity of the Engineers' office and contractors.


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  • Accession Number: 01061050
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Sep 10 2007 2:08PM