Review of Pedestrian and Evacuation Simulations

Simulating emergency evacuations has grown in popularity since the terrorist attacks of 9/11. Unfortunately, there are a large number of modeling, simulation, animation, and computer graphics systems available today–many of which are misleading. Models and simulations fall into 2 main categories: microscopic and macroscopic. This paper highlights the general differences in these approaches, outlining the strengths and weaknesses in both approaches. By examining the fundamental principles of pedestrian and evacuation simulations in this paper, the reader is guided toward a greater understanding of crowd dynamics and evacuation analysis. A background to modeling and simulations, their purpose, and objectives, followed by a risk assessment analysis description, are presented. The different types of evacuation scenario that need to be considered when choosing a modeling/simulation tool are highlighted, and the paper concludes with a checklist for choosing an evacuation analysis system.


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01076394
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 9 2007 1:12PM