THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MICROWAVE RADIOMETER FOR USE AS A HIGHWAY ICE DTECTOR
The program objective was to develop a system capable of detecting snow, ice, frost, or slush over a highway bridge deck area greater than 4 x 2 feet (1.2 x 0.6 m) and generate a valid alarm signal to warn motorists of a hazard. The detection system selected was a microwave radiometer operating at 10 GHz which continuously samples a reference noise source and internal amplifier noise to provide measurement corrections of radiated power received from the road surface being observed. Principal radiometer components are: rectangular horn antenna; sensitive receiver; and signal processor/alarm unit. The successive program phases were: design optimization and system tradeoffs; breadboard model laboratory and field tests; and prototype model design, fabrication and test. Test results on asphalt and concrete roadway simulators, as well as actual asphalt roads, correlated with previously published radiometric temperatures for similar surfaces. The following road conditions were detectable: dry/warm; dry/cold; wet; slush; ice layer (0.1 cm minimum); and snow layer (1 cm minimum). All road hazard detection objectives were met except for frost detection. Descriptions of recommended additional effort are presented, including detailed evaluation of the prototype model; advanced alarm logic; self-test techniques; and a scanning antenna to cover increased road areas. /FHWA/
- Sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration.
Lockheed Missiles and Space Company Incorporated111 Lockheed Way
Sunnyvale, CA USA 94088
- Berinsky, S
- Hong, H K
- Lee, T H
- Schrader, W T
- Publication Date: 1978-9
- Pagination: 151 p.
- TRT Terms: Detectors; Development; Highways; Ice; Microwaves; Physical properties; Radiometry; Research; Snow; Warning systems
- Uncontrolled Terms: Research and development
- Old TRIS Terms: Microwave radiometry; Snow & ice properties
- Subject Areas: Highways; Operations and Traffic Management; Research;
- Accession Number: 00189474
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Federal Highway Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-RD-78-203 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-FH-11-4328
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Apr 12 1979 12:00AM