ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION MODES: A SURVEY
A survey was made to compare the energy efficiency of various modes of passenger transportation, specifically automobiles and airplanes vis-a-vis modes supported by the Public Transportation Fund Program, bus and rail. The survey is limited to domestic (usually contiguous 48 states) operations for intercity and urban transportation. The study shows that the buses and trains are potentially more fuel efficient than airplanes and automobiles in intercity and urban passenger transportation. Thirteen independent studies regarding the propulsion energy efficiency of intercity modes were surveyed and the results are summarized in figures and tables. The results of studies by the Congressional Budget Office, the Metropolitan Transit Commission (Minneapolis) and the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation come to similar conclusions with regard to urban passenger modes, regardless of assumptions used. All forms of public transportation are ranked as more fuel efficient than automobiles except Dial-A-Ride which is ranked the lowest.
Michigan Department of State Highways & TransportState Highways Building, 425 West Ottawa, P.O. Box 30050
Lansing, MI USA 48909
- Publication Date: 1978-11
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 11 p.
- TRT Terms: Air transportation; Alternatives analysis; Automobiles; Bus transportation; Energy; Fuel consumption; Intercity transportation; Paratransit services; Railroad transportation; Surveys; Urban transportation
- Subject Areas: Aviation; Energy; Highways; Motor Carriers; Public Transportation; Railroads;
- Accession Number: 00189466
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS, STATEDOT
- Created Date: Apr 12 1981 12:00AM