SAN BERNARDINO FREEWAY EXPRESS BUSWAY EVALUATION OF MIXED-MODE OPERATIONS
Evaluation of the San Bernardino Freeway Busway has been going on since it was opened in January 1973. From October 1976 through June 1978, carpools of three or more were permitted on this previously bus-only facility. This report evaluates mixed-mode (bus and carpool) operations of the busway; it includes a summary of the bus-only phase (Jan. 1973-Oct. 1976) as well as implications of this research to other possible busway developments. Data was collected from traffic studies and from written and oral surveys. All of the surveys are described in detail in Appendixes A through D of this report. This project has shown that busways can be cost-effective, non-controversial, and a way of attracting substantial numbers of solo auto drivers into buses and carpools. There are about 2600 people now carpooling as a direct result of mixed-mode busway operations. Surveys show that public opinion at all levels support the mixed-mode operation of the busway. The busway is an 11-mile, double-lane, exclusive roadway for high occupancy vehicles, running eastward from downtown Los Angeles. The busway lanes are physically separated by either concrete or flexible barriers from auto traffic lanes, making it a true rapid transit system for buses and carpools. This $57 million system is the most complete facility of its kind in the country, with offline stations, park-ride facilities, two uni-directional bus lanes, feeder bus lines, outlying park-pool lots, and supplemented by a downtown reserved lane. This report concludes that the user-cost savings, for busway-induced carpoolers and bus riders only, cover two thirds of the annual (capital and operating) costs of the busway. /UMTA/
- Prepared for Southern California Association of Governments. Sponsored by the Department of Transportation, Urban Mass Transportation Administration.
Crain and Associates120 Santo Margarita Avenue
Menlo Park, CA USA 94025
- Publication Date: 1978-7
- Pagination: 204 p.
- TRT Terms: Carpools; Cost effectiveness; Express buses; Freeways; High occupancy vehicle lanes; Public relations; Traffic lanes
- Uncontrolled Terms: Public support
- Old TRIS Terms: Reserved lanes
- Subject Areas: Highways; Operations and Traffic Management; Planning and Forecasting; Public Transportation;
- Accession Number: 00189098
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-CA-09-0059-78-1Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Mar 28 1981 12:00AM