SPILL OF SOLUBLE, HIGH DENSITY, IMMISCIBLE CHEMICALS IN WATER
Although a significant number of hazardous materials can be classified as immiscible compounds that sink when released onto water, minimal study has been given to the natural processes that occur once the chemical enters the water. The primary result achieved in the first year of this two-year study was an understanding of the spill mechanism. Experiments concerning the separate phases of (1) break-up and formation of droplet swarms, (2) dispersion of the swarms, and (3) dissolution of the chemical on the bottom were carried out in laboratory scale. From the experimental data, several mathematical sub-models have been derived which describe the physical phenomena. Efforts in the second year will concentrate on coupling of the mathematical sub-model and further experimentation.
- Technical Monitor: Michael Fl Flessner, Lt., USCG, GDSA-1. Prepared for U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of University Research, Washington, D.C. 20590
University of Arkansas, FayettevilleDepartment of Chemical Engineering
Fayetteville, AR United States 72701
- Thibodeaux, L J
- Publication Date: 1978-12
- Pagination: 68 p.
- TRT Terms: Chemical spills; Dispersers; Mathematical models; Simulation; Spills (Pollution)
- Uncontrolled Terms: Water chemistry
- Old TRIS Terms: Simulated chemical spills
- Subject Areas: Environment; Marine Transportation;
- Accession Number: 00189091
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Department of Transportation
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT/RSPA/DPB-50/7825Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-OS-70040
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Mar 28 1979 12:00AM