Force-Deformation Behavior of Isolation Bearings

The isolation bearings are widely used in earthquake prone areas to protect the structure from seismic forces. The isolation bearing consists of an isolator to increase the natural period of the structure away from the high-energy periods of the earthquake, and a damper to absorb energy in order to reduce the seismic force. The most common isolation bearings used are lead–rubber bearings. They combine the function of isolation and energy dissipation in a single compact unit, giving structural support, horizontal flexibility, damping, and a centering force in a single unit. The relation between the horizontal force and horizontal displacement of the isolation bearings is nonlinear; to calculate the stiffness and the damping constant, which correspond to effective design displacement, the nonlinear behavior is expressed by bilinear behavior. This technical note presents new relations to calculate yield force, horizontal displacement, and damping.


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  • Accession Number: 01055751
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 26 2007 3:28PM