Computation of Cavity Expansion Pressure and Penetration Resistance in Sands

A cavity expansion-based theory for calculation of cone penetration resistance qc in sand is presented. The theory includes a completely new analysis to obtain cone resistance from cavity limit pressure. In order to more clearly link the proposed theory with the classical cavity expansion theories, which were based on linear elastic, perfectly plastic soil response, linear equivalent values of Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, and friction and dilatancy angles are given in charts as a function of relative density, stress state, and critical-state friction angle. These linear-equivalent values may be used in the classical theories to obtain very good estimates of cavity pressure. A much simpler way to estimate q-sub-c—based on direct reading from charts in terms of relative density, stress state, and critical-state friction angle—is also proposed. Finally, a single equation obtained by regression of q-sub-c on relative density and stress state for a range of values of critical-state friction angle is also proposed. Examples illustrate the different ways of calculating cone resistance and interpreting cone penetration test results.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission from ASCE
  • Authors:
    • Salgado, R
    • Prezzi, M
  • Publication Date: 2007


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01055317
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 15 2007 4:17PM