Metro Station Operating Costs: An Econometric Analysis

This paper develops an econometric analysis of metro station operating costs to identify factors that create variation in cost efficiency. Stations' operating costs can be classified among the semifixed costs that a metro faces in the sense that they do not vary proportionately with metro output. They may therefore be important in determining the degree of returns to density. This paper aims to provide an improved understanding of some of the major factors driving these costs. Empirical results show that strong system-specific influences impact costs but over and above these positive associations are detected from a range of station characteristics, including the length of passageways, number of platforms, peak-level service frequency, interchange demand, and provision of lavatories. In addition, it was determined that the presence of air-conditioning has a substantial effect in increasing expected station operating cost by as much as 40%.


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  • Accession Number: 01055323
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 12 2007 1:06PM