The Relationship Between Driving Behavior and Entropy

High variability in the lateral control of a vehicle may result in an increased likelihood of accidents. Boer (2000) proposed a method of quantifying variability in steering wheel position, termed “entropy” (scaled between 0 and 1). In this approach, the steering wheel position at each time point is predicted based on the position at the three preceding time points, and the discrepancies between the predicted and observed values are utilized to define a baseline distribution of prediction errors within a subject. This distribution is then used as a reference for calculating a summary “entropy” metric in follow-up segments of driving, such as when a driver may be distracted when using a cell phone. This same concept has also been applied to the lateral position of a vehicle (Dawson et al., 2006). The objective of this study was to ascertain whether entropy was affected by behavioral factors such as steering techniques and speed. The authors hoped to gain insight regarding the usefulness of entropy measures, and the appropriate interpretation of statistical tests based on entropy.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 130-132
  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the 4th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, Stevenson, Washington, July 9-12, 2007

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01055535
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780874141580
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 10 2007 12:11PM