Changing Pattern of Child Bicycle Injury in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand

This article reports on a study that was undertaken to determine if helmet laws and safety campaigns have had an impact on bicycle injuries in children. The authors compared the number of bicycle injuries presented to Whakatane Hospital’s Emergency Department (Bay of Plenty, New Zealand) in the period 1982–1986 with those from the period July 1998–December 2005. In the first period there were 597 per 100,000 presentations per year which increased to 890 per 100,000 per year in the later period. Fractures increased from 115 to 234 per 100,000 per year. Injuries from a collision with a moving motor vehicle decreased from 72 to 30 per 100,000 per year and of those the proportion of serious head injuries dropped from 65% to 33%. There were four deaths in the earlier period but none in recent years. The authors conclude that the changing use of bicycles by children (including reduced numbers of children commuting to school by bicycle as well as increased use of helmets) has resulted in an increase in injuries but a marked reduction in collisions with motor vehicles.


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  • Accession Number: 01054687
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 30 2007 6:21PM