The Roles of Age, Gender, Inhibitory Control, and Parental Supervision in Children's Pedestrian Safety

This article reports on a study undertaken to determine the roles of age, gender, inhibitory control, and parental supervision in children's pedestrian safety. Using a pretend road method, a sample of 85 children and 26 adults crossed a pretend crosswalk set adjacent to a real road. Safety of crossing the pretend road was determined based on actual traffic on the real road (adults also crossed the real road). Results showed that younger children, boys, and children with less behavioral control engaged in riskier pedestrian behaviors. Children behaved somewhat more cautiously when supervised but crossing without a parent, but these results were weaker than hypothesized. A strong finding showed increased risk-taking when children were fully supervised, a finding likely attributed to the fact that parents and not children decided when to cross. Children with less behavioral control responded more noticeably to increases in parental supervision. The authors conclude that most 5 and 6 year olds lack the cognitive complexity to become safe pedestrians. Prevention efforts might target those children at greatest risk of injury, notably boys and undercontrolled children.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Barton, Benjamin K
    • Schwebel, David C
  • Publication Date: 2007-6


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 517-526
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01054288
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 26 2007 6:15AM