Uncertainty of Calculation Results in Vehicle Collision Analysis
In the analysis of road accidents two types of calculation result uncertainty can be distinguished: modeling uncertainty and uncertainty in calculation results [R.M. Brach, M. Brach, Vehicle Accident Analysis & Reconstruction Methods, SAE International Publisher, Warrendale, 2005]. The problem becomes very important first of all when minor modifications of input parameters or application of different models of the phenomenon lead to a fundamentally different answer to the question posed by the court. The aim of the paper was to prove the necessity of including the problem of uncertainty in calculations related to vehicle collision mechanics and to justify the application of different error analysis methods recommendable in vehicle collision reconstruction. The data file from crash test No. 7 [H. Burg, M. Lindenmann, Unfallversuche, Verlag Information Ambs, Kippenheim, 1982] was used, the selection restricted to the range typical of average police records of collision place. Collision speeds were calculated using two methods: reconstruction and simulation. The analysis of uncertainty was carried out. Maximum and mean square uncertainty were calculated by means of total differential of relevant forms. Since the reconstruction resulted in very broad error intervals of uniform distribution, additional calculations were performed by the Monte Carlo method using algorithm described in [W. Wach, J. Unarski, Determination of vehicle velocities and collision location by means of Monte Carlo simulation method, Special Publication Accident Reconstruction SP-1999, SAE Paper No. 2006-01-0907, 2006].
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- Abstract reprinted with permission of Elsevier.
- Wach, Wojciech
- Unarski, Jan
- Publication Date: 2007-4
- Media Type: Print
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: pp 181-188
- TRT Terms: Algorithms; Crash analysis; Crash reconstruction; Crashes; Mathematical models; Monte Carlo method; Simulation; Traffic speed; Uncertainty
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment; I80: Accident Studies; I91: Vehicle Design and Safety;
- Accession Number: 01054282
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jul 24 2007 9:17PM