The Value of Spatial Cues in 3D Air Traffic Displays

Three-dimensional (3D) pictorial displays for traffic information have the potential to be useful for pilots in the cockpit. This study focuses on design issues for such displays. The experiments presented here investigated where and when additional spatial cues, e.g., drop-lines, could contribute to better pilot performance and whether such additions could replace shifts between two-dimensional and 3D presentation for different tasks. Results show that drop-lines are beneficial in focused attention tasks but are not necessarily beneficial in more integrated tasks. Based on these findings, it is suggested that there is no need to change display format when there is an integrated task using a 3D display and the pilot must change to a focused attention task. It will be enough to add drop-lines to the 3D display.


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  • Accession Number: 01053638
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 15 2007 11:12PM