Fires resulting from rupturing of fuel systems following highway accidents may be reduced as a result of the development of a new hybrid diesel fuel that is one-tenth water. A special additive makes it possible for conventional diesel engines to operate on the fuel mixture which extinguished itself if it is accidentally ignited. Development of the fuel is the result of a ten-year effort by the U.S. Army Fuels and Lubricants Research Laboratory at Southwest Research Institute in Texas, U.S.A. Army forces would benefit from the use of a fuel which is fire safe, stable, and compatible with conventional engines, and which would improve the survivability of combat vehicles. Performance tests show that the hybrid fuel can deliver approximately the same power as 100 percent diesel fuel. Exhaust smoke is reduced below the level of that produced by conventional diesel engines, and the fuel is self extinguishing at fuel temperatures below 76 degrees Celsius. The additive is a mixture of several chemicals which are not identified at this time. The hybrid fuel's potential for conservation of energy has not been accurately determined. However, Army sources feel that there is a good probability that the formula could be modified specifically to save energy. /ART/

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  • Accession Number: 00188490
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: World Highways
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 12 1979 12:00AM